We then are given an overview of the power of each type: "As a result, specialist species thrive only when conditions are perfect. They serve a very specific purpose within their particular ecosystem and are extremely adept at navigating it. However, should those conditions change—as a result of nature or, more commonly, an outside force—specialist species often become extinct. In contrast, mice can move from spot to spot on the globe, adapt to different cultures, diets and weather systems. And most importantly, stay alive. In a professional setting, employees operate on a similar spectrum. "
The article then makes the case that generalists offer the power of putting data into a larger picture, within a larger context, which can be a challenge to the specialized and focused experts.
Of course, you need both types of employees to succeed.
The Secret Power Of The Generalist — And How They’ll Rule The Future
We’ve become a society that’s data rich and meaning poor. A rise in specialists in all areas—science, math, history, psychology—has resulted in tremendous content. But how valuable is that knowledge without context?